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  At a recent speaking engagement a member of the audience asked me what was the most significant change I had observed in the 40 years I have closely followed American politics. I answered that it would take an hour to do justice to his question and left it unanswered, but have been thinking about it since and the essay below is partly designed as an answer to this question.   When I first set foot in the United States as an immigrant in January 1969, I knew English and was a big fan of American literature, but knew little of American politics, except that I imagined it to be strongly anti-communist, which is why I chose to emigrate to America to begin with. And it couldn’t be any other


The article first published in on 08/14/2018. And so by mid-2018, Recep Tayyip Erdogan has achieved virtually everything he sat out to achieve when he first came to power in 2003. Turkey is now in everything but the name an Islamist dictatorship with Erdogan as the unchallenged leader. Yet, instead of feeling supremely confident, Erdogan and his clique are beset by ineluctable problems and foreboding of disaster down the road. In many ways, this was inevitable and stems from the very nature of the radical transformation of an imperfect democracy into an oppressive tyranny. Disaster for Turkey may not be around the bend, it was thought, but it was inevitable sooner rather than later. The collapse of the Turkish lira last Friday may have signaled that ‘sooner’ is now.   To

caspian sea meeting

After a 27-year dispute, the Caspian littoral states are finally set to resolve the Caspian Sea status. This should allow, among other things, the construction of trans-Caspian oil and gas infrastructure. Whether the expectations will translate into immediate actions and projects is yet to be seen, but after August 12th, when the heads of state of Russia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Iran convene in the Kazakh port of Aktau to sign the Caspian Sea Convention, the media will overflow with hype and big headlines.   The convention determines the legal status of the Caspian Sea in greater detail for oil and gas exploration, production and transportation than what was adopted in the November 2003 Framework Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Caspian Sea. The current act


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Turkish lira banknotes are seen in this file photo illustration shot in Istanbul, Turkey, January 7, 2014. Turkey's central bank is expected to make an interest rate decision this week.    REUTERS/Murad Sezer/FilesGLOBAL BUSINESS WEEK AHEAD PACKAGE - SEARCH "BUSINESS WEEK AHEAD AUGUST 17" FOR ALL IMAGES

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  Two weeks ago the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople announced that His All Holiness Bartholomew had received an invitation from the Russian Patriarch Cyril to participate in the celebrations of the 1030th Anniversary since the Christianization of Russia, to be held in Moscow. The Ecumenical Patriarchate responded, to the effect that Moscow has no reason to celebrate this anniversary as it is related to the adoption of Christianity in Kievan Rus and not in the Principate of Moscow. According to the statement of the Patriarchate made in July, its representatives will visit Kiev but not Moscow.   This brief message went largely unnoticed in Bulgaria. Nevertheless, it contains the core of the dispute about the independence of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine. The Russian position in this debate is well

This entry was posted in The Region and tagged , , by Светослав Риболов.

About Светослав Риболов

Svetoslav Ribolov, PhD, is Associate Professor of Early Christian Literature and Jewish Hellenistic Literature at the University of Sofia “St Kliment of Ochrid” and has published four books in his academic field. He studied Classical Philology and Theology at the University of Sofia and Thessaloniki; he specialized at the Trinity College Dublin and Ostkirchliches Institut Regensburg, and also studied Church and State relationships in US at the University of California Santa Barbara. He is editor-in-chief of Forum Theologicum Sardicense, member of the advisory board of International Journal of Orthodox Theology, and takes part in a few international academic associations. Since November 2017 he is director of Institute for Study of Religious Freedom (Sofia).

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lian Vassilev video26.07

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