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It is strange to watch that the Bulgarian Energy Holding has opted to push the limits of the patience of the European Commission’s anti-trust body whereas Gazprom has chosen reconciliation. Concurrently, Russian media are singing praise for Bulgaria, as the only EU member in the CEE that has formally voiced support for Gazprom’s commitment letter – to be used as the basis for a case resolution. The Directorate-General for Competition is conducting a parallel investigation into BEH on its abuse of a dominant position, which is reminiscent of the case against Gazprom. Easy comparisons might be misleading but rather interesting and revealing.1 The scale of the two cases is incommensurate. There are many nuances, yet the matrix is identical. What is most important – the comparison
Throughout the election campaign, candidate Donald Trump was berated for suggesting that NATO was redundant and for implying that the US would pull its forces out of Europe. In stark contrast, President Trump has already made moves to strengthen NATO and significantly boost Western security. Trump’s statements on NATO appeared to be contradictory and may have misled both Europeans and Russians into thinking that the White House would move to disband the Alliance and terminate US commitments to the defense of Europe. In retrospect, it transpires that his strong criticism of NATO was intended to refocus attention on Alliance missions and capabilities. Two main factors can enable Trump to revive the Alliance: his warnings about NATO’s future and his selection of a strong security team. Trump’s main indignation
“Human mercy requires that we are merciless to those who have no mercy.” Johannes Becher, The Power of Poetry It goes without saying that the most serious war waged against the Islamic state hordes is not by the West, much less by Russia or Iraq and Assad. The ones putting in the most serious fighting are the Kurds. As for the Euro-Atlantic community, its operations can, without prejudice, only be qualified as symbolic. This war is not a war of air aces; it cannot be won by air – neither with bombers, nor with fighters nor cruise missiles. American and European military strategists are fully aware of this. If they had the power to decide, their tanks would have destroyed ISIS completely a long time ago. However, as
What is the agreement between EU and Canada? The Comprehensive economic and trade agreement – (CETA) is the biggest commercial agreement the EU was supposed to sign with a third country so far in its history. The deal removes 98% of all customs, opens doors for direct investments from both sides of the Atlantic and gives companies equal access to public procurements. The negotiations started in 2009 and although the final draft was completed in 2014, the EU is struggling to ratify it because of internal conflicts of interests and the alleged juridical complexity of the matter. In the last two decades Canada has developed into a European-style welfare state with high standards for consumer protection and tight environmental regulations – therefore most of the concerns regarding the other