– What is fundamentally new with the new round of US sanctions – scope or impact? How far are secondary sanctions likely to reach given the less than warm welcome for US sanctions in parts of the EU? – Politically and psychologically the most fundamental is Section 242 – personal sanctions against top Russian political/business figures. As for secondary sanctions European companies will be bound to take them into account, otherwise they will be automatically punished financially by losing their contracts. – We understand apart from Russian companies and individuals, there are Ukrainian and Polish companies? How likely is that more CEE partners of Russian companies could join the list notably if they continue business as usual with Russian state companies? What will be the effect on Nord
While most observers kept looking for the detectable part of Russia’s new military hardware potential beyond its borders, tracking every move of the obsolete aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetzov, the Kremlin amassed a loosely bound yet concise and sizeable cyber warfare force, which was operatively privately, yet under Russian government control, both at home and in the West. It was capable of penetrating institutions, political parties, key public infrastructure, business, media and data centers – critical during election time in opinion and policy shaping and making. Although a substantial chunk of the direct cyber-attacks is known to have been the work of Russia-based hackers, the kernel of the psychological operations (psyops), although conceived in Moscow has spread to remote places – Canada, the US, UK and key EU states,
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On Sunday, France elected a 39-year-old man married to his high school drama teacher who was running for president as an independent candidate. But, it was not so much the election of Emmanuel Macron — an establishment candidate cast as a political outsider — as it was the entire election cycle that threw a wrench in French politics. Likewise, while Macron’s defeat of nationalist Marine Le Pen in the presidential runoff marked a big win for Brussels, the French election also indicates the European Union will continue to face existential threats. Macron was painted by major western media as a “maverick centrist outsider,” but he was arguably the consummate insider candidate. Prior to running for president, Macron attended the elite civil service institution Ecole nationale d’administration; he
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In Bulgaria, across Europe, and around the world, the victory last November of wealthy real-estate developer Donald Trump over America’s former First Lady and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton left many observers puzzled. So did the events in Washington DC on January 21, the day after President Trump’s inauguration, when thousands of protesters descended on Washington. As with the election, America’s old-line establishment media got it wrong, even though background information was readily available. One of the keynote speakers was Angela Davis, an African American feminist with a long history of speeches before presidential elections. Few in the raucous crowd knew anything of Davis’ affection for all-white, all-male Communist dictatorships. In 1980, Angela Davis was the vice-presidential candidate of the Communist Party USA, a wholly-owned subsidiary of
While Trump is now president of the United States, there are still many within and without the United States that fervently believe that he acquired this office by illegitimate means. They include the unprecedented number of fifty democratic members of Congress, who boycotted his inauguration and countless others. There is nothing that could be done to convince the unhinged Hillary partisans that there is zero evidence of effective interference in the elections on behalf of Trump. But it is understandable that even open-minded people who do not understand the American electoral system may be confused, given the unrelenting mainstream media propaganda to the effect that there was not the slightest chance for Trump to win. Indeed, on the day of the elections, purported ‘reputable’ media sources, such as the
The anguish of the Bulgarian political elite following several interviews given by the chief of the influential Russian Institute for Strategic Studies (RISS), Leonid Reshetnikov, has surprised few if any. In the interviews, Reshetnikov sheds light on the activity of his institute and its role in the design and execution of Russian foreign policy in the Balkans, as well as in shaping the new ideology of the Third Way and the contours of what may be designated as the project Novorossiya for the Balkans. Reshetnikov confirmed that last summer while vacationing on the Black Sea coast that he held meetings with leaders of several Bulgarian political parties, discussing the candidate selection process and the platforms in the then-upcoming presidential elections. The fundamental interests of the Russian lieutenant general,