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  This article is based on Alex Alexiev’s presentation to the “Russia After Putin” conference of the Bulgariaanalytica.org on Oct. 2. 2017 in Sofia. All citations are from the “Russia in Decline” publication by the Jamestown Foundation, edited by Enders  Wimbush and Beth Portale, March 2017.     Vladimir Putin came to power in Russia in 1999, a period of time which in many ways determined the course of his rule. The major, if not decisive reason for that, was that 1999 and the eight years that followed, were a period during which the prices of oil and gas rose dramatically from an average of $12-$14 dollars per barrel (USD/bbl) in 1999 to $147/bbl in 2008. This increased Russian export earnings nearly tenfold over this period and led Putin to

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  By now it is well-known that EU commissioner for competition, Margrethe Vestager, a leftist politician since the age of 21 with zero private sector experience, has imposed a stunning $14.5 billion fine on Apple for allegedly receiving state aid from Ireland. Apple, and the potential beneficiary of this large sum of money, Ireland, have blasted the EU verdict as illegal and threatened to appeal. Separately, the United States government has attacked the decision as discriminatory to U.S. companies and accused the EU in a recent US Treasury paper of “targeting US companies disproportionately.” To the west of the Atlantic divide, opinion seemed to see the reason for this inordinate fine in European bias against the US tech giants due to envy. Indeed, a recent column in the Wall Street Journal

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  While Bulgarians can do a lot to leap ahead in AI, they can’t leap ahead all together. No one can. At best, a leap-ahead committee – say, a non-governmental organization (NGO) dedicated to promoting AI – can fire up enthusiasm and share best practices. At worst, a committee wastes endless time in planning, meetings and misdirection. A camel is a horse designed by a committee.   To rev things up, let me suggest a small initiative that doesn’t need more than a handful or backers. Form a boot camp to train data scientists. It will offer six courses only: ▲ Python or R programming. These are the languages most favored by machine learning specialists (Python) and statisticians (R). They’re fairly easy to translate between – more like Bulgarian versus

This entry was posted in Bulgaria and tagged , , , , , , by Kent Osband.

About Kent Osband

Dr. Osband is an American economist, strategist, financial risk analyst and longtime student of Bulgaria. He is the author of two well-known books on quantitative risk analysis (Iceberg Risk: An Adventure in Portfolio Theory and Pandora Risk: Uncertainty at the Core of Finance) and has served both in the public (IMF, WB) and private sectors (Goldman Sachs, CSFB, Fortress Investments).
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  Terrorist attacks have been increasing in the West for the past years and became especially frequent in Western Europe since 2015. The mainstream media continues to present us with the image of the “global terrorist network” of jihadists, guiding from afar the actions of its fighters, infiltrating them into Western societies. If we look closer however, more than little has changed with so-called “grassroots” and “lone wolf” attacks overtaking those organised by “professionals”.   An attack was prevented in Frankfurt in April 2015 when large quantities of chemicals used for the production of IEDs, as well as assault weapons and great quantities of ammunition were found by police in a family’s home.   A successful attack was carried out in Denmark in 2015 by Omar al-Husein, a lone wolf

This entry was posted in The Region and tagged , , , , , by Georgi Antonov.

About Georgi Antonov

Georgi Antonov was born in 1985. In 2004 he began his studies of Balkan languages and literature at Sofia University. In 2006, reading the first chapter of Hristo Matanov's book on Balkan Medieval history made him reach the decision that he wants to learn to write such kind of texts. He applied and in 2007 entered the newly opened program "Past and Present of South-East Europe" in the Sofia University faculty of History. There he studied poltical and economic history of the Balkans, as well as History of political thought. He graduated in 2011. Since 2008 he has been working as a programmer, currently in the "Web & Mobile" department of the Bulgarian company Bulpros. Writing for Bulgaria Analytica gives him great enjoyment because it allows him to do some work related to his university studies, an activity which he had previously regarded as an overly expensive pastime. He has interests in fields such as International relations, Contemporary history, and technology.
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My previous article identified Bulgaria’s best potential ally as artificially intelligent (AI) life. To best forge that alliance, Bulgarians need to upgrade their communication abilities. AI beings speak with each other in math and programming code. Bulgarians need to understand their dialogue and join it. That requires, first and foremost, better learning.   Why did I say “learning” and not “teaching”? Teaching is information offered. Learning is information digested. Once upon a time, most people understood – to paraphrase Mark Twain – that we should never let schooling interfere with our education. But nowadays the two are jumbled, for both good and bad reasons. Good, because there’s much to learn that schools can guide us to quickly and efficiently. Bad, because most school systems are hidebound bureaucracies dedicated to mediocrity.

This entry was posted in Bulgaria and tagged , , , by Kent Osband.

About Kent Osband

Dr. Osband is an American economist, strategist, financial risk analyst and longtime student of Bulgaria. He is the author of two well-known books on quantitative risk analysis (Iceberg Risk: An Adventure in Portfolio Theory and Pandora Risk: Uncertainty at the Core of Finance) and has served both in the public (IMF, WB) and private sectors (Goldman Sachs, CSFB, Fortress Investments).