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neofit_stefan

  On August 1st 2017, with official ceremonies and solemn declarations, the governments of Bulgaria and Macedonia signed a Friendship, Neighborhood and Cooperation Agreement between the two countries. The Bulgarian public welcomes this treaty as the opening of a new page in the relations between the two states. One of its most important clauses for bilateral relations states that Bulgaria will share its experience and support and assist Macedonia’s accession to the European Union and NATO. However, the treaty has yet to be ratified by the two parliaments and has not entered into force.   Setting these events in the current political context is important for understanding the political aspects of the problem with the canonical recognition of the Macedonian Orthodox Church (MOC) in its entirety. The autonomy of the

This entry was posted in Bulgaria, The Region and tagged , , , , , , by Atanas Slavov.

About Atanas Slavov

Atanas Slavov is a jurist - a constitutionalist, professor of public law at the Department of Public Administration at Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski. Since 2016 he is a Doctor of Law at the University of Glasgow (Orthodox Political Theology and Democratic Consolidation) and a Doctor of Constitutional Law at the Sofia University (2009). Atanas Slavov has specialized in various American and European academic institutions. His research interests and publications focus on constitutional law and theory, direct democracy and civic participation, political theology, law and religion. He has worked as Counselor on Constitutional Matters to the Minister of Justice (2014-2015), Counselor on Legislative Matters to the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior (2016), Constitutional Expert at the Legislative Council of the Ministry of Justice (2012-2014) and legal adviser in the non-governmental sector. Atanas Slavov is the author of the monographs “Civil Participation in Constitutional Democracy” (2017) and “Supremacy of the Constitution. Nature and Guarantees”(2010). He is a member of the Managing Board of the Atlantic Council of Bulgaria, member of the Managing Board and the Board of Trustees of the Institute for Direct Democracy, member of the Bulgarian Association of Political Science and other non-governmental organizations.
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gvardeici bg

The views expressed in this article are those of the author only and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Bulgaria or the Bulgarian Government.   Hybrid war is not declared. It is being fought, instead. This is the essence of the strategy of today’s actors, be they state or non-state, in their aggressive hybrid warfare campaigns. The countries under attack are quite often unable to understand what is really happening on the ground until it might be too late.   Since the end of the Cold War Russia has been pursuing an intended and calculated policy of keeping enough influence in Bulgaria to have control over national decisions. It has achieved this objective primarily through economic tools as

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Снимка: aig-humanus.blogspot.bg

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DPRK-ICBM_1

  Read the original analysis of Michael Elleman on the IISS website, where he gives convincing arguments behind the conclusion that the quantum leap in North Korea’s missile range could have only one explanation – it “has acquired a high-performance liquid-propellant engine (LPE) from illicit networks in Russia and Ukraine”. In that order – Russia and then Ukraine.   Almost 70 percent of the text is dedicated to the history of Soviet and ongoing Russian backdoor support for different North Korean dictators’ ambitions to develop weapons capable of threatening not only South Korea, but also US military assets in the area, Japan and ultimately North America.   Then read the article in the NYT, titled “North Korea’s Missile Success is linked to Ukrainian plant, investigators say”, which strangely ignores the

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putin-trump

  Despite all the might of the US Congress and its ability to block Trump’s move on Russia, the legislative branch still has no executive powers – it can hardly initiate or implement any proactive or preventive policy to secure America’s and the West’s perimeter for independent policies against Russia. The White House is overcommitted to reassuring Trump’s survival in the Russia-gate affair and the investigation kernel is still ahead. The focus on shielding individual members of the Trump family during the investigation, as well as the chaotic cadres’ changes in the White House, are not exactly a mark of the US president’s strength, capacity to lead and change the world.   Putin can further speculate on the disagreements in transatlantic relations, which does not imply immediate enthusiasm and capacity

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epa04221840 (FILE) A file photo dated 28 January 2014 of President of Russia Vladimir Putin attending a news conference at the end of a EU Russia Summit at the European Council headquarters in Brussels, Belgium, where he was meeting with top European Union officials. European Union officials have been preparing three scenarios for economic sanctions against Russia, from low-intensity measures affecting items such as luxury goods, to a ban on oil and gas imports, according to a document seen by German news agency dpa. During recent weeks, the European Commission in consultation with member states, reportedly has been preparing a three-stage list of possible economic sanctions if Russia continues to destabilize its western neighbour Ukraine. The issue could come up again when EU leaders meet on 27 May 2014 to consider their response to the 25 May elections in Ukraine.  EPA/OLIVIER HOSLET

  While most observers kept looking for the detectable part of Russia’s new military hardware potential beyond its borders, tracking every move of the obsolete aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetzov, the Kremlin amassed a loosely bound yet concise and sizeable cyber warfare force, which was operatively privately, yet under Russian government control, both at home and in the West. It was capable of penetrating institutions, political parties, key public infrastructure, business, media and data centers – critical during election time in opinion and policy shaping and making.   Although a substantial chunk of the direct cyber-attacks is known to have been the work of Russia-based hackers, the kernel of the psychological operations (psyops), although conceived in Moscow has spread to remote places – Canada, the US, UK and key EU states,

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russia

  A year ago, the stars’ alignment seemed perfect for Mr. Putin’s plans to subdue the West, scoring media coups and consecutive foreign policy successes. He rejoiced with the image of a strong and omnipotent leader, profiting from the intentionally blurred difference between his real and perceived power, while enjoying the privilege of operational surprise over his opponents. The dominant perception was that he is capable of penetrating the most intimate political and social fabrics of Western democracies. The refugee wave in Europe acted as a catalyst to the stun policy – the EU was on the brink of being overwhelmed by the Kremlin’s multi-layered hybrid war machine.   Putin’s campaigns of influence ridiculed the few sobering voices in the West, easily dismissing warnings of an all-out assault against the

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izbori

  The publication in the Wall Street Journal about Russian instructions given to the Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP) leaders should not surprise anyone. Bungled attempts to ignore the scandalous revelations of probably the most influential American newspaper and total silence on the part of the institutions can mean only one thing – someone is caught red-handed, and Bulgarian authorities are afraid to react. Since the case is too hot and there is lack of response, it is most likely that the President and Government will find it hard to keep face. When you say “a” by publicly announcing the findings, you need to follow with “b” and expel from your rasdFnks at least one of the seconded experts, overt and secret agents of foreign agencies, sent to help pro-Russian parties

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Moscow_protest

  „Kalugin slept and dreamed that as he knelt in the bushes, a militiaman passed by.    Kalugin awoke, scratched his mouth, slept again and dreamed again that he was passing by the bushes and in the bushes a miliatiaman was hiding and kneeling there.   Kalugin awoke, placed a newspaper under his head so as not to soil the pillow, slept again, and dreamed again that he knelt in the bushes and beside the bushes there passed a militiaman. (…)  Kalugin screamed and shifted about in bed, but could not waken…”       From “Dream” by Daniil Harms, 22 August 1936     Who’s to say that writers aren’t prophets? Not only science-fiction writers, but also the absurdists.   Especially in Russia. The nightmare of Kalugin with the militiaman who never ceases to

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flag-am-rus

  Speculation regarding the foreign policy of President-elect Donald Trump has been on the rise for quite some time, with focus on topics concerning the EU and Eastern Europe. Most speculation emanates from the lack of understanding of the rational and irrational mix in his populist rhetoric and reality checks during his presidential candidacy, as well as once he is in office.   Some of the uneasiness surrounding what Trump might engage in after he walks into the White House is based on his purported privileged relations with Russia’s Putin, which supposedly allow him to circumvent the European Union, Eastern Europe and the US Congress. This is nothing new in the history of US presidential races in which there is only one prize that matters – the Oval Office. Anything