The creation of Freemasonry lodges and Supreme Councils in our country is becoming business and politics The Russian hybrid war in Bulgaria has a new important target – the unity of Bulgarian Freemasonry. After breaking this unity, the next step would be their subsequent subordination to Kremlin interests and the resulting domination of Russian Masons in the Balkans. The first considerable breakthrough is already a fact – on May 5th this year a constituent assembly for the installation of a new Second Supreme Council of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite was held in Plovdiv. It elected as Grand Commander a very controversial person – Ivan Sariev, who until a year ago was the Grand Master of the local Masons. Just a few weeks later, on
The earliest traces of human occupation in present-day Plovdiv date back to the Neolithic period in the 6th millennium BC. Later on, during the 1st millennium BC the area was occupied by the Thracians. According to some Greek sources, the name of the Thracian town that existed on that place was Eumolpia, after the name of Eumolpos, a mythical Thracian king. In 342 BC, the Thracian town was conquered by Philip of Macedon who reconstructed and enlarged the urban area, built monumental fortification walls, settled a Macedonian military garrison there and renamed the settlement to Philippopolis, or “the Town of Philip” in his own honor. The local Thracians called the town Pulpudeva, which was the Thracian translation of Philipopolis, a name later inherited by the Bulgars in the Early
The Eurozone effect Bulgaria’s entry into NATO is not a betrayal to Russia, but its continued membership is Alexander Dugin Intellectual guru of Russia’s Euro-Asian doctrine Let’s consider the reference to the Russian threat when achieving the other key goal of Bulgarian foreign and monetary policy – membership in the Eurozone. The metrics of the accession-ready status are not just embodied in a set of formal criteria but reflect a generic reference to key system indicators, including the resilience of the economy to external shocks, the ability to sustain high growth and wealth generation rates; capability of institutions to provide efficient governance, mitigate risks and stick to obligations; and capacity of citizens to profit from rights, opportunities and cope with the challenges of “life in the
During the communist era Bulgaria was ruled exclusively by the means of terror and fear. The terror was initiated and established immediately after Red Army tanks invaded the country in early September 1944 and effectively the country became Soviet-occupied territory. The newly formed government, propelled under the disguise of the anti-fascist struggle, joined by the local communists and often acting together with regular criminals freshly released from prison, executed thousands of people on the spot. Many more were executed later under the auspices of the so-called People Court, which was the Bulgarian version of the Stalinist Trial Courts. The main instrument of this massive and pervasive terror from early on was its unpredictability and arbitrariness. The goal was to crash any form of resistance against the Communist State which
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More parties and politicians are identifying themselves as spokespersons incarnating Bulgaria’s national interest. Holding a pivotal position in the political mainstream and wrapped in in the national flag, politicians can easily marginalize political opponents. At the surface of things, the motives are idealistic, as all politicians swear to be Bulgarophiles, although a close-up look shows they fail to separate the Bulgarian interest from that of other countries – Russia Turkey. The public debate pertaining to the essence of national interest does not distinguish between the different faces of Bulgaria, Russia or Turkey – that of the homos politicus or the political elite, the people of culture, that of the homos economicus, the commoners, etc. The generic notion for Russia for example includes both its past and present, as the
This morning, as Italians go to the polls to vote in a constitutional referendum, European TV channels broadcast a special programme going to the root of the referendum – Italy’s banking crisis. A series of senior bankers, chairmen and chief executives expressed their views. None were optimistic. The head of Societe Generale in Italy offered the view that there is no point recapitalising banks who have no realistic hope of making any profits. Another said effectively that non-performing loans (NPLs) were bad, but the threats facing Italian banks from non bank lenders and technological developments were much worse. Yet a third conceded that Italy should have copied Spain and applied for a bailout from the European Stability Mechanism (unfunded bailout fund). Then the young interviewer met with Prime
The anguish of the Bulgarian political elite following several interviews given by the chief of the influential Russian Institute for Strategic Studies (RISS), Leonid Reshetnikov, has surprised few if any. In the interviews, Reshetnikov sheds light on the activity of his institute and its role in the design and execution of Russian foreign policy in the Balkans, as well as in shaping the new ideology of the Third Way and the contours of what may be designated as the project Novorossiya for the Balkans. Reshetnikov confirmed that last summer while vacationing on the Black Sea coast that he held meetings with leaders of several Bulgarian political parties, discussing the candidate selection process and the platforms in the then-upcoming presidential elections. The fundamental interests of the Russian lieutenant general,