For a long time the real power in the European Union, though hidden behind by high-sounding concepts like ‘more Europe,’ ‘solidarity’ and less sovereignty for the hoi polloi (read Eastern Europe) nations, as in majority rather than unanimous voting. All of this was based on a putative French-German agreement about the key issues of the alliance, which, more often than not, has been based on an assumed rather than real unanimity of views by the two major powers in continental Europe. As if to allay their own doubts and those of the Euro-sceptics about this, Germany and France moved to sign the Aachen Treaty in early 2019. A treaty that conjures up a bipolar domination of Europe that few outside of these two countries would willingly subscribe to. This